Interactive and dynamic
forum for students
Vasconcelos Model United Nations is an interactive and dynamic forum for students to become more proficient in skills such as continuous research on global issues, critical thinking, rhetoric and problem solving. It is through collaborative work that students, who assume the role of representing a nation, engage in a formal discussion to deliberate and find feasible solutions to real and current problems which affect our world.
In or second edition, we would like to place emphasis on the areas of security and diversity. Delegates are recognized for their performance in collaboration, leadership, argumentation, redaction and problem solving skills.
At the end of VMUN, students leave feeling motivated and endowed that their vision can make a difference in attempting to have a better world. VMUN returns as one of the few models in the state of Guanajuato, and the only one in San Miguel de Allende, for elementary and junior high students.
We are really looking forward to your participation in this event.
Friday, January 25th.
We chose the following topics since in San Miguel de Allende we have a very diverse ambient and we have not only thousands of tourists but residents from other parts of Mexico and from another countries.
We believe that every human no matter nationality, religion, or gender deserves respect because we all have the same rights and we need a world were we all are seen and treated equally.
Around the world, millions of children are denied the rights to safety, health, play and education. Children are also deprived of what they need to grow up healthy and strong because of their place of birth, their race, ethnicity or gender; or because they have a disability or live in poverty.
Protección e inclusión de niños con capacidades diferentes.
En la actualidad la inclusión de niños con discapacidades diferentes ha sido difícil, puesto que existe un nivel de discriminación muy grande en muchos lugares, desde escuelas, super mercados, plazas y otros sitios públicos, creando
una controversia ya que la integración supone partir de que todos somos diferentes, pero nuestras diferencias son valiosas y nos hacen únicos entre la gente. Por lo tanto, el objetivo de debatir este tema es encontrar maneras y políticas para incluir a niños con discapacidades en la sociedad con un respeto pleno en esta. Así como lo respalda la Convención sobre los Derechos de las Personas con Discapacidad, que ellos tienen el derecho a la igualdad y a la no discriminación.
El problema en la inclusión de menores con capacidades diferentes se debe principalmente a las falsas creencias que tiene la gente de dichas personas, como la falta de capacidades manuales o mentales, la falta de desarrollo, entre otras. Todo esto ocasiona que los menores discapacitados sean excluidos o aislados, muchas veces por los familiares y en algunos casos, ellos mismos deciden alejarse de la sociedad, también se genera una desigualdad y mucha discriminación.
Entre una de las primeras acciones realizadas para solucionar esta problemática, fue la creación de la Convención de los Derechos de las Personas con Discapacidades, en el que se menciona que estos niños tienen derecho al respeto, a la no discriminación, a su protección e inclusión en actividades diarias y a la igualdad de oportunidades no importa de su tipo de enfermedad. Existen varios tipos de discapacidades como, las discapacidades físicas, que es cuando hay ausencia de las funciones motoras. Enfermedades mentales en intelectuales, discapacidad sensorial que son enfermedades en las
que falta la presencia de algún sentido, entre otros.
En conclusión, la inclusión de los niños con discapacidades es muy importante ya que son personas y aunque sean diferentes física o mentalmente, valen lo mismo que nosotros y tienen los mismos derechos. Recomendamos dar respeto unos a otros y valorar nuestras diferencias.
UN Women is the United Nations organization dedicated to promoting gender equality and the empowerment of women. As a global advocate for women and girls, UN Women was established to accelerate the progress that will lead to improving the living conditions of women and to respond to the needs they face in the world.
¨Eliminar el matrimonio forzado de menores de edad para 2030¨
Durante los últimos diez años, la tasa de incidencia de matrimonios forzosos para menores de edad no ha sufrido ningún cambio en América Latina y el Caribe. Si este problema continúa, aproximadamente veinte millones de niñas ya habrán contraído matrimonio antes de los 18 años. Los derechos humanos de niñas y adolescentes en particular han sido violados y afectados ante esta situación. Es necesario pensar en estrategias y acciones regionales y nacionales que permitan erradicar el matrimonio infantil y las uniones tempranas, el embarazo adolescente y la violencia en base al género.
En regiones económicamente desfavorecidas, las familias de escasos recursos ven el matrimonio a temprana edad como una forma de mejorar su vida. Mientras que, en países en desarrollo, estos matrimonios se hacen para mantener la cultura y sostienen lazos entre familias importantes. En muchas culturas, el matrimonio se considera un asunto personal. Para promover un cambio de actitud desde dentro de las comunidades, hay que hacer énfasis en los derechos humanos, especialmente los de las mujeres, incluyendo la igualdad, el acceso a la educación y la liberación de la explotación y la discriminación.
La razón principal de realizar este comité y este debate es encontrar soluciones para erradicar el matrimonio forzoso para menores de edad en América Latina y el Caribe, para que en el 2030 haya desaparecido por completo además de erradicar el embarazo infantil, las manifestaciones de violencia sexual, abandono escolar, situaciones de pobreza y desigualdad social pues afecta la salud de niñas y adolescentes en todo el mundo.
En cuanto a las soluciones, hay que hacer énfasis en los derechos humanos, especialmente de mujeres; como la igualdad, el acceso a la educación y la liberación de toda explotación ya sea laboral o de otro tipo.
The Security Council primary responsibility is the maintenance of international peace and security. The Security Council takes the lead in determining the existence of a threat to the peace or act of aggression. It calls upon the parties to a dispute to settle it by peaceful means and recommends methods of adjustment or terms of settlement.
Consequences of religious extremism in Europe
As we all know religion has always been a complicated and difficult topic. It has the power to gather people together or to definitely tear us apart due to the fact that every single person has a different belief and point of view. because of this, it is essential to debate the topic of consequences of religious extremism in Europe, so that this way we can work together as a team and find a proper solution to end this huge problem.
Religion can be defined as a cultural system of behaviors and practices, cosmovisions, ethics and social organization, which relates humanity to aexistential category.
There are also types of people in religion:
Those who do not practice their religion as much but who repeat religion. Those who like their religion and practice it a lot. Others who practice, and obey what their religion orders.
Also those who obey, practice and discriminate against people who do not obey are governed by their religion, these people are considered extremists because they begin to damage the integrity of others because of their beliefs or customs.
In Europe there is a great variety of religions that are respected in many different countries with a majority of people on a religion. After mentioning the reasons why there are extremist people and the causes of the consequences of the extremists we, will start from its first consequences:
- Discrimination on the part of the extremist people that provoke manipulation, blackmail, and distortion of culture on another person that can be frustrated or traumatized.
- The rights and values of non-religious people are not respected by extremist, people and that is increasingly influencing more people not so religious or non-religious and that causes that they are not respected or treated as they should.
- Lack of Human Rights because extremists can come to subject people with the use of weapons, etc, and assault them, ignoring that these people have rights as in Syria.
Religious extremism, fundamentalism, violence and terrorism can be found around the world in worrisome supply. It is very important that a solution is found as soon as possible to stop and prevent religious extremism and future consequences. We hope that you, delegates can reach a solution by working together and giving other countries your thoughts and proposals for solution.
Human rights are rights inherent to all human beings, whatever our nationality, place of residence, sex, national or ethnic origin, color, religion, language, or any other status. We are all equally entitled to our human rights without discrimination. These rights are all interrelated, interdependent and indivisible.
Universal human rights are often expressed and guaranteed by law. International human rights law lays down obligations of Governments to act in certain ways or to refrain from certain acts, in order to promote and protect human rights and fundamental freedoms of individuals or groups.
Human rights of unaccompanied children and adolescents
Migrants, in every aspect; not counting their antecedents, are free to enjoy their economic, social and cultural rights (ESCR). It’s a fundamental challenge for today’s world, especially in the United Nations. When a person is an immigrant or is migrating from one place to another, it’s mostly because they are seeking for better quality of their human rights. Taking this into consideration, the majority of children migrate because of the privation of their ESCR. However, children confront multiple obstacles and challenges that make it even harder to accomplish their goal, in order to have a better life.
Especially migrant children human rights, have been emphatically stated in the Convention for the Rights of the Child (CRC). It is stated that “All human rights, including ESCR, must be protected, respected, and fulfilled for all children, including undocumented children”, making this a worldwide discussion that hasn’t been solved yet.
In fact, in various countries, they deny ESCR or they restrict their use based on the migrant’s background and/or their situation. For example, social rights; such as the right to health care, are denied or restricted for some migrants, especially those without legal residency.
Migration has always been a problem around the world and nowadays it’s becoming very common to see migrant children without their parents or someone responsible for them. This makes it even harder to enforce their human rights. That’s why countries need to be concerned about their population and make their countries a better place to live in all aspects.
The United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) is the leading global environmental authority that sets the global environmental agenda, promotes the coherent implementation of the environmental dimension of sustainable development within the United Nations system and serves as an authoritative advocate for the global environment. UNEP’s mission is «to provide leadership and encourage partnership in caring for the environment by inspiring, informing, and enabling nations and peoples to improve their quality of life without compromising that of future generations.”
Adressing marine plastic litter
Over 300 million tons of plastic are produced every year for use in a wide variety of applications, 8 million tons of plastic end up in our oceans every year. Marine plastic litter is an environmental problem occurring on a global scale today. Marine plastics and microplastics are becoming a major concern as their property of durability makes them remain intact for long periods of time throughout the ocean, affecting marine life, food safety,human health as well as contributing to climate change.
Plastic pollution is the most widespread problem affecting the marine environment. Global concern and public awareness regarding the impact of plastic on the marine environment are currently increasing.
The United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) considers plastic marine debris and it ability to transport harmful substances as one of the main emerging issues affecting the environment. We invite delegates to have the opportunity to debate and share common opinions to propose a solution to this problem affecting our oceans. The causes of marine plastic litter and micro plastics comes from the human activity.
- Poorly managed or poorly resourced landfill sites.
- Sewage treatment and combined sewer overflows.
- People using beaches for recreation or shore fishing.
- Manufacturing sites.
- Plastic processing.
- Shore-based solid-waste disposal and processing facilitie.
- Inadequately covered waste containers and waste-container vehicles.
- Inappropriate or illegal dumping of domestic and industrial trash or waste.
- Street litter that is washed by rain or snowmelt or blown by wind into waterways.
The coastal landscape is frequently impacted by marine litter that impairs recreational uses and causes a loss of touristic value. Beyond the aesthetic impact, marine litter also bears potential economic implications to the fishery sector. It also strongly affects the marine environment. First, solid particles are ingested by fauna and may remain in the stomach undigested (most of them are excreted). Large differences among taxa, resulting from differences in size and feeding habits, have been described. Second, plastic litter can represent a relevant source of chemical additives, some of them with suspected endocrine disrupting action, that easily leach into the water since they are not bound to the polymeric chains and become available to the estuarine and marine fauna. Third, intentionally or accidentally discarded fishing gear poses special risk for large, air-breathing marine animals, including endangered species, which get entangled in the net.
Waste in the oceans is a global challenge that needs a global solution too. We want to find the right solutions for marine waste.
1st Paragraph (7-10 lines )Definition of the problem Background: world situation (10 years ago)
2nd. Paragraph (20-25 lines) Description of the problem in the country. It includes facts, statistics, real data of the country.
3rd Paragraph (4-6 proposals) Solutions: realistic and viable proposals explaining what and how. Use verbs in infinitive.